When is Information Objective?
This paper argues that a strict objectivist view of information faces problems in the context of both cognitive science and philosophy of science. It reviews several well-known theories of information and then examines the objectivist and subjectivist views of information, particularly, in relation to understanding cognition. Moreover, taking cue from Popper’s Objective Knowledge (1972), it is argued that the objectivity of ‘scientific’ information should not be interpreted as being ‘totally receiver independent’, but rather as ‘intersubjective’ in a Kantian sense. Finally, it is argued that there is a tenable way of construing information such that it enables an explanation of cognition in both humans and nonhuman animals in informational terms whilst yielding to quantificatioal terms.